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Cleaning and Disinfection; In Coronavirus Pandemic

The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic first appeared in December 2019, causing tremendous causalities and large-scale severe respiratory ailments. More than 160 million people have been diagnosed with this infection, and there has been more than 3.3 million deaths reported worldwide. Its spread is accelerating at a rapid pace and is affecting more people day by day. It may or may not affect or cause serious disease illness in a virus carrier.

The most common coronavirus transmission is saliva droplets, sneezing, coughing, and touching in contaminated viral surfaces. It causes mild to moderate respiratory illness. However, the older populations in countries often develop severe respiratory infections causing more deaths. Common symptoms of COVID-19 include:

  • Fever

  • Dry cough

  • Fatigue

  • Shortness of breath

  • Sore throat

  • Loss of Smell and Taste

  • Aches and muscular pain etc.

In this delicate situation, self-protection is vital to protect yourself and your loved ones. Most compulsory protective measures include

  • Wearing face masks

  • Maintaining social distance (3-6 feet)

  • Avoiding physical contact, i.e., handshake, etc.

  • Covering your nose while coughing and sneezing

  • Sanitizing your hands often while being outside home

  • Disinfecting the high-touch surfaces either at home or at the workplace etc.

Cleaning and disinfecting areas are the most mandatory protective measures in this quick and widely spreading virus. A hygienic environment with extra protection via disinfection is crucial in minimizing the spread of this viral infection. Cleansing not only includes dusting or mopping, but it also includes wall cleaning, floor cleaning, window panels cleansing, air conditioning, drainage system cleaning, carpet or matrix cleaning, furniture, and other home or workplace commodities cleaning. Disinfection is a more precise and higher-level cleaning that helps get rid of a wide array of diseases or infections caused by microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, or other viral particles.

A strong disinfectant works on an inert, non-living surface to eliminate germs or lower the concentration of germs to an acceptable level. The disinfectant may be in liquid or in gaseous form, whatever its texture is; it belongs to the following major chemical classes

  • Aldehydes

  • Halogen Based Biocides

  • Quaternary Ammonium compounds

  • Phenolics

  • Alcohols

  • Acids/Bases

  • Heavy Metals

The above-mentioned chemical disinfectants are adequate for the workplace or any industry area, hospitals, labs, kitchens, and bathrooms depending upon the strength, concentration, and type of microbes. More powerful disinfectants are required to completely kill the stronger pathogens, while mild germ attacks can be handled with mild chemicals. Sterilization is another form of disinfection that includes high temperature or UV radiation to kill germs. However, it is specifically used in health care laboratories and dental clinics, etc. Sanitation is a milder form of disinfection that is more acceptable in eliminating germs that are closely in touch with humans without harming them at higher levels.

Whichever disinfection method we use will use we will make sure that they eliminate any viruses or pathogens. COVID-19 disinfection, sanitization, and cleaning are very much needed to get yourself protected from the coronavirus in the prevailing pandemic.

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